Currently, in the U.S., patients seeking weight loss through bariatric surgery have four options: adjustable gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch. Each surgery is different and performing physicians consider each patient’s needs before deciding upon the best course of action. While bariatric surgery exists as an option when other weight management options have failed, it’s important to understand that the surgery alone does not guarantee weight loss. Weight loss occurs in combination with several factors including adhering to a new diet and regular exercise. A failure of weight loss after surgery may be the result of any of the factors below.
Failure to Follow Post-Op Recommendations
Although bariatric surgery can help patients lose weight, the patient bears a large responsibility. The surgery alone does not guarantee weight loss. In fact, after the procedure, patients must follow a strict dietary guideline. Many post-op recommendations favor high protein foods such as Proti-Thin. Dietary recommendations also include avoiding fatty or sugary foods. Liquids should be monitored as should meal size.
Maintaining a Long-Term Plan
While patients may initially see a weight loss in the short-term, many see a resurgence of weight in the long term. It’s important for patients to develop a long-term weight management plan, which includes finding Bariatric products designed for bariatric patients. Such plans should include a comprehensive dietary plan as well as physician-approved exercise and check-up visits. Most importantly, long-term weight loss requires a lifetime dedication.
Obesity often results in many comorbidities, or health issues resulting from being overweight. Diabetes often develops as a direct result of weight gain. Insulin, which helps the body regulate itself, also helps the body produce higher levels of cholesterol and fat. These higher levels can make it difficult to lose weight. A recent article, “Factors associated with suboptimal weight loss after gastric bypass surgery”, published in Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Hepatology, found that several factors can contribute to diabetes-related complications in losing weight. Therefore, it’s important to closely follow physician’s guidelines as well as maintaining a diabetes-friendly diet.
As with any post-op procedure, it’s important to stay in contact with your physician. Be open and frank about all of your concerns. Ask any and all questions you have during your road to recovery. When it comes to your health, no such thing as too many questions exist.